adfplan

now browsing by tag

 
 

What we offer

ADF-pic-smaller-c14dcf7cc51872899efd2480a27997e32b9b0184-300x94(1)

Norahub.com offers an online food market for customers and a platform for manufacturers, agents and dealers. The website belongs to ADF Asset and Investment Co Ltd, a company registered in UK which is offering a variety of products & services, both online and offline.

  • Think Globally, Think ADF Plan App! All Your Asset and Financial Management News, Real Estate and Tourism, Travel, Lifestyle, Online Marketing and Advertising in one place!

THE APP FOR BUYERS AND SELLERS

Download ADF Plan App!

https://itunes.apple.com/us/app/adf-plan/id1035940663?mt=8

Mobile format 3 cc25308a-a5f0-4d8d-b822-83ac548d5561

https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=biz.app4mobile.app_a769dc4667cc482997252ac6cbf74c11.app

ADF Plan, ADF Asset & Investment Co Ltd and Norahub.com give the opportunity to our customers, associates and partners to promote their products and services for free, and to consumers to buy the products and services at affordable prices. You can promote a wide selection of products and services, like properties, energy products, big quantities of food and liquids and lifestyle products and services, like the hottest styles of clothes, shoes and accessories. We are supported by companies and networks that have been in business for many years and with a well-known reputation.

The ADF Asset and Investment Co Ltd is a Limited Company registered in UK with the registration number 10293435.

The Founder and the owner of ADF Plan and ADF Asset and Investment is ANDREAS HADJOUDES with a long track record in PR, Business Development and Management.

  Photo Andreas Hadjoudes                   A GLOBAL CITIZEN

*ADF Plan Online Services being the Executive Advisor in PR and Business Development since 2010.

*Former PR man at the European Commission.

*Reporter and Producer at the Swedish Radio and Radio Stockholm.

*Studied Sociology, Political Sciences, Public Administration, Media, Development, Economy and European Studies.

*Went at the University of Stockholm.

*From Cyprus

Armos building 2 20160310_170538

ADF Asset and Investment Co Ltd offers asset and investment management services, International Money Transfers, properties for sale and investment, development projects and Investment Opportunities, inclusive and not limited the existing activities of ADF Plan in PR, Business Development, Real Estate, Tourism and Energy, Food, IT and the Automotive Sector. The business activities include Online Products and Services, inclusive web and software development for our customers, associates and partners.

Energy Oil drilling untitled

ADF Asset and Investment Co Ltd

Company number 10293435

Registered Office Address:

Wisteria Grange Bam Pikes End

Pinner

Middlesex

2EX HA5

United Kingdom

Global Skype Number:

+44 (0)2032879624

adfasset@gmail.com

 Energy solar-panels-1569672

ASSET MANAGEMENT

On behalf of a person, trust or a company, we act as an agent or a trustee in order to administer and transfer the assets to a beneficial party.

ADF Asset and Investment Co Ltd acts as a custodian for estates, trusts, custodial arrangements, stock transfers, precious metals and crude oil.

Chrysland Hotel, Ayia Napa

We are now offering many new development projects. 

SIMPLE FORMULA

ADF Asset and Investment Co Ltd works on a simple formula: It doesn’t own the assets. The customers or partners assign the management of the assets to us!

LEGAL PROCEDURE

The procedures and the sign agreement may assume some legal obligation to take care of assets on behalf of the customers. Please contact us atadfasset@gmail.com

PARTICIPATION

You can be a Customer, an Associate or a Partner.

The core task of the establishment of ADF Asset and Investment Co Ltd is to increase the added value of the properties or any other asset possesses by our collaborators.

SOCORIKY

The Customer assign the management of the property or any other asset to ADF Asset and Investment Co Ltd. The customer signs an agreement, guaranteeing that he/she is the owner of the property or the asset, and the Company is responsible for the Asset Management.

An Associate is the representative of ADF Asset and Investment Co Ltd in a specific country or region, signing an agreement (MoU) with the founder.

Partner is a shareholder of ADF Asset and Investment Co Ltd, signing an agreement with the founder and legal owner of the Company’s share instruments.

PARTICIPATION OF A COMPANY

An organization, a charity or an existing or newly created company under the auspices of ADF Asset and Investment Co Ltd can assign the management of any assets with some legal obligation for ADF Asset and Investment Co Ltd to take care of the assets on behalf of the company, organization or charity.

galata-xionia

SECURITIES

A company, an organization or a charity assigns securities as assets with some legal obligation for ADF Asset and Investment Co Ltd to take care of them.

SHARES

An allocation of shares, determined by type of collaboration and the signed agreement, made yearly by the Founder and Owner of ADF Asset and Investment Co Ltd.

Finance Bonds connections-1207323__180

SHARE ENTITLEMENT

A Right to be transferred to the shareholders in agreed and certain defined circumstances.

All legal documents are signed by the Solicitors and Law Offices in UK and Cyprus.

All Company Formation procedures are under the responsibility of Legal Entities in UK and Cyprus.

Contact:

ANDREAS HADJOUDES

adfasset@gmail.com

Skype: andreas.hadjoudes2

+357 99617969 (SMS)

http://adfasset.com

http://norahub.com

http://buysellcrudeoil.com

2016, ADF Asset and Investment Co Ltd, All Rights Reserved

ADF Asset and Investment

The ADF Asset and Investment Co Ltd is a Limited Company registered in UK with the registration number 10293435.

ADF-logo-e01a10_ed4494c70dd74653b7b4559a1838eee4.jpg_srz_p_140_119_75_22_0.50_1.20_0.00_jpg_srz

ADF Plan Online Services being the Executive Advisor in PR and Business Development from 2010 to 2016.

The Founder and the owner of the company is ANDREAS HADJOUDES, with a long track record in PR, Business Development and Financial Management. Since 2010, he is an Executive Advisor and before that he was working at the European Commission in Brussels.

ANDREAS HADJOUDES was studying Sociology, Political Science, Media, Development Studies and Economy at the University of Stockholm. He was also studying and working at the Swedish Radio and Radio Stockholm for many years.

Photo Andreas Hadjoudes

ADF Asset and Investment Co Ltd offers asset and investment management services, International Money Transfers, properties for sale and investment, development projects and Investment Opportunities, inclusive and not limited the existing activities of ADF Plan in PR, Business Development, Real Estate, Tourism and Energy, Food, IT and the Automotive Sector. The business activities include Online Products and Services, inclusive web and software development for our customers, associates and partners.

ADF Asset and Investment Co Ltd
COMPANY NUMBER: 10293435
REGISTERED OFFICE ADDRESS:
Wisteria Grange Barn Pikes End
Pinner
Middlesex
HA5 2EX
UNITED KINGDOM

Global Skype Telephone Number:

+442032879624

ASSET MANAGEMENT

On behalf of a person, trust or a company, we act as an agent or a trustee in order to administer and transfer the assets to a beneficial party.

ADF Asset and Investment Co Ltd acts as a custodian for estates, trusts, custodial arrangements and stock transfer.

cropped-ADF-pic-smaller-c14dcf7cc51872899efd2480a27997e32b9b0184-300x941-1.jpg

We are now offering many new development projects

SIMPLE FORMULA

ADF Asset and Investment Co Ltd works on a simple formula: It doesn’t own the assets. The customers or partners assign the management of the assets to us!

LEGAL PROCEDURE

The procedures and the sign agreement may assume some legal obligation to take care of assets on behalf of the customers. Please contact us atadfasset@gmail.com

PARTICIPATION

You can be a Customer, an Associate or a Partner.

The core task of the establishment of ADF Asset and Investment Co Ltd is to increase the added value of the properties or any other asset possesses by our collaborators.

Armos building 2 20160310_170538

The Customer assign the management of the property or any other asset to ADF Asset and Investment Co Ltd. The customer signs an agreement, guaranteeing that he/she is the owner of the property or the asset, and the Company is responsible for the Asset Management.

An Associate is the representative of ADF Asset and Investment Co Ltd in a specific country or region, signing an agreement (MoU) with the founder.

Partner is a shareholder of ADF Asset and Investment Co Ltd, signing an agreement with the founder and legal owner of the Company’s share instruments.

PARTICIPATION OF A COMPANY

An organization, a charity or an existing or newly created company under the auspices of ADF Asset and Investment Co Ltd can assign the management of any assets with some legal obligation for ADF Asset and Investment Co Ltd to take care of the assets on behalf of the company, organization or charity.

Energy Oil drilling untitled

SECURITIES

A company, an organization or a charity assigns securities as assets with some legal obligation for ADF Asset and Investment Co Ltd to take care of them.

SHARES

An allocation of shares, determined by type of collaboration and the signed agreement, made yearly by the Founder and Owner of ADF Asset and Investment Co Ltd.

SHARE ENTITLEMENT

A Right to be transferred to the shareholders in agreed and certain defined circumstances.

All legal documents are signed by the Solicitors and Law Offices in UK and Cyprus.

All Company Formation procedures are under the responsibility of Legal Entities in UK and Cyprus.

Contact:

ANDREAS HADJOUDES

adfasset@gmail.com

Skype: andreas.hadjoudes2

+357 99617969 (SMS)

http://adfasset.com

http://adfplan.com

http://buysellcrudeoil.com

 

 

Iran says has sold Poland 2 million barrels of crude oil

Energy Oil drilling untitled

Poland has bought 2 million barrels of crude from Iran, an official said. (Shutterstock)
Reuters, Dubai Saturday, 2 July 2016 Text size A A A

Poland’s Grupa Lotos has bought 2 million barrels of crude from Iran in a one-off purchase, an Iranian oil official was quoted as saying on Saturday by the oil ministry’s news agency SHANA.

Mohsen Ghamsari, the director for international affairs at National Iranian Oil Company (NIOC), said the cargo was loaded at Iran’s Kharg Island last week.

“Signing a long term contract would depend on the two countries’ situation,” he added.

Reuters reported on Thursday that a supertanker with Iranian crude was heading toward Poland’s Baltic Sea port of Gdansk as Iran continues to claw back market share after the lifting of Western sanctions.

*******************************************************

BUSINESS ENERGY
RWE, Qatargas sign 7.5 year deal for LNG deliveries to Europe

Qatargas will deliver up to 1.1 million tonnes of LNG a year to RWE Supply & Trading (RWEST). (Reuters)
Reuters, BerlinSaturday, 2 July 2016 Text size A A A

RWE has signed a seven and a half year deal with Qatargas for liquefied natural gas (LNG) deliveries into Europe, the German utility said on Saturday.

Under the deal, financial details of which were not given, Qatargas will deliver up to 1.1 million tonnes of LNG a year to RWE Supply & Trading (RWEST).

“This agreement enhances the diversity of RWE’s European gas portfolio,” Andree Stracke, Chief Commercial Officer at RWEST, said in a statement.

*********************************************************

BUSINESS ENERGY
Saudi Arabia keen to expand China energy investments

Saudi Aramco is the first Gulf country to give July pricing, and major producers including Iraq and Iran typically follow Saudi Arabia. (Photo courtesy: Saudi Aramco)
Reuters, RiyadhSaturday, 2 July 2016 Text size A A A

Saudi Arabia wants to expand its investments in China’s energy industry, its Energy Minister Khalid al-Falih said late on Friday, part of the world’s top oil exporter’s efforts to boost cooperation with a top customer.

Falih’s comments were made in an emailed statement after discussions with China’s Vice Premier Zhang Gaoli and other officials in Beijing during a G20 ministerial meeting.

“Saudi Arabia is very keen to elevate their partnership in the energy sector to the highest level,” he was quoted as saying in the statement.

He said he hoped Saudi investments could increase to cover all Chinese provinces and that there was room to grow bilateral trade in both energy and other hydrocarbons products such as petrochemicals.

Falih also said he wanted to see new investment projects carried out by Saudi and Chinese sovereign wealth funds, and added that the two countries shared interest in crude oil storage, mining, renewable energy and industrial development.

Oil producers’ battle for market share in Asia, and particularly in China, the world’s No. 2 consumer, has heated up since the return of Iranian crude to the market after sanctions were lifted on Tehran this year.

Both oil giant Saudi Aramco and petrochemicals conglomerate Saudi Basic Industries Corp (Sabic) have joint venture businesses in China and new projects under development.

In January Aramco said it was also in advanced talks to invest in refineries in China. Sabic said in May it had agreed to build another petrochemical factory there.
**********************************************************

China envoy calls for restraint between Saudi and Iran
A Chinese envoy who visited Saudi Arabia and Iran over the past week has called for both countries to exercise calm and …

Oil slump slashes Saudi Basic Industries Q4 profit 29 pct
Saudi Basic Industries Corp (SABIC), one of the world’s largest petrochemicals groups, reported a 29 percent …

**********************************************************

BUSINESS ENERGY
Iraq’s June oil exports fall as domestic usage rises

Iraq’s oil exports from the southern ports fell slightly in June as power generators burning more fuel to keep up with demand for air conditioning increased domestic demand, an official at the state-run South Oil Company said on Friday.

Loadings from Iraq’s southern oil terminals, on the Gulf, ran at an average daily rate of 3.175 million barrels, compared with 3.2 million barrels per day (bpd) in May, he said.

Crude supply to local oil refineries rose due to the increase in demand for electricity for cooling during summer in OPEC’s second-largest producer, he said.

The southern region produces most of the OPEC nation’s crude oil. The northern Kurdish regional government exports about 500,000 bpd through a pipeline to the Turkish port of Ceyhan, on the Mediterranean, but independently from the central government in Baghdad which oversees crude sales from the south.

Iraq, which relies on oil for nearly all its revenue, made$3.845 billion in revenue from oil exports in June, selling at an average price of $40.37 a barrel, an oil ministry spokesman said. June’s revenue was higher than April as prices increased.

Iraqi officials and oil analysts expect further growth in the country’s exports this year, but at a slower rate than 2015 when it was the fastest source of supply growth in OPEC.

 

Crude Oil Prices Post Record Quarterly Performance: Will This be Sustained in Q3?

Economic Calendar

Crude Oil Prices Post Record Quarterly Performance: Will This be Sustained in Q3?

crude oil

Crude Oil Prices rebounded significantly in the second quarter of this year despite a number of threats. Oil prices have had their most positive quarter since 2009, supported by disruptions, outages, political crises and a higher cost of production.

Political instability in Nigeria has sent Africa’s largest producers output down to the lowest levels in 22 years.

In addition, falling Chinese production and the liquidity crisis in Venezuela have also contributed to the decline in crude supplies, providing strength to oil prices. Wildfires in Canada decreased oil supplies by almost 3.5 million barrels a day and is also a key driver behind the record rally in the crude.

Above all, North America, the key player in the crude oil market, is also experiencing problems with sustaining its production potential, thanks to a higher cost of production compared to prices. US production was slashed by almost 8.9% in the last twelve months amid a higher breakeven point.

As a result, after falling to decade low levels in February, crude oil prices have surged over 80% since, despite the failure of the Doha meeting and Britain’s exit from the European Union. In the second quarter of 2016, Brent oil prices surged by almost 25%, while US crude increased 26%, or $9.99 per barrel.

The question here is: what’s next? Do crude oil prices have the potential to sustain their momentum? Crude oil prices are always unpredictable; however looking at future fundamentals might help determine future performance.

Some analysts believe crude oil prices are likely to stand in the range of $60 a barrel by the end of this year, while others are predicting crude oil to hover within the range of $40 to $50 a barrel. Crude oil prices are directly correlated with the level of supplies. In the last three months, crude oil prices surged only due to disruptions and outages, which has little long-term impact on the fundamentals.

With the growth in prices and significant cost cutting, several US producers have indicated they are again working on enhancing their production levels. Recent growth in the US rig count is also indicating this trend. Rising production in Iraq, Iran and Saudi Arabia is another threat for crude oil prices. Taking into account all of these factors, crude oil prices are unlikely to see a similar result in third quarter as they have had in the second.

Pipeline that spilled 30,000 gallons of crude oil in Ventura reopens

-Ventura County Star

Pipeline that spilled 30,000 gallons of crude oil in Ventura reopens

FILE PHOTO Crude oil flows down a Ventura hillside after a pipeline failed June 23. Nearly 30,000 gallons of crude oil leaked in the spill.

FILE PHOTO Crude oil flows down a Ventura hillside after a pipeline failed June 23. Nearly 30,000 gallons of crude oil leaked in the spill.

By Jean Cowden Moore, jean.moore@vcstar.com

A pipeline that leaked nearly 30,000 gallons of crude oil in Ventura has reopened, just eight days after an early-morning spill on June 23.

The pipeline reopened Thursday night after the state fire marshal certified that it was safe, said Tim Gallagher, spokesman for the pipeline’s owner, Crimson Pipeline. The certification came after the fire marshal’s office inspected the pipeline this week, Gallagher said.

But Mark Watkins, Ventura city manager, said he was frustrated that residents weren’t notified before the pipeline reopened, especially after a meeting Thursday night when they questioned company, local and state officials about the spill. Residents should be told what caused the spill, how long the cleanup will take, and what Crimson is doing so it doesn’t happen again, Watkins said.

“It’s very frustrating to find out they just put it back into service, and the community wasn’t notified,” he said. “We expect a higher level of communication in the future.”

Residents had not been informed of the reopening by 4:30 p.m. on Friday. The agencies involved planned to notify people by email and possibly by going door to door, starting Friday evening, Gallagher said.

State regulations required that Crimson start putting crude oil back into the pipeline as soon as it was certified safe, Gallagher said.

Before the fire marshal’s office inspected the pipeline, workers cleared out any remaining crude oil, using liquid nitrogen, Gallagher said. Then they did the inspection.

The inspection satisfied the California Department of Fish and Wildlife, said spokeswoman Amy Norris.

“If the fire marshal has certified that it’s safe, then we’re completely comfortable,” Norris said.

The spill, which started just northeast of Ventura High School, leaked crude oil into a nearby gorge but it did not reach the beach. The oil flowed for about half a mile down the Prince Barranca and Hall Canyon before it was stopped.

The cause of the spill, which started at a valve in the pipeline, is still under investigation. The valve had been replaced the day before the incident.

Crimson has had 10 spills in the past decade, causing about $5.9 million in property damage, according to the U.S. Transportation Department’s Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration.

Crude oil to go into ‘PURGATORY’ after summer

Malaysia Hronicle

Crude oil to go into ‘PURGATORY’ after summer

Crude oil to go into ‘PURGATORY’ after summer

Oil has hovered around the $50 range since mid-May, and with summer travel almost in full swing one analyst thinks that rising demand will keep crude fairly stable for the next few months.

Come fall, however, a different story may start to emerge.

Tom Kloza, Global Head of Energy Analysis at the Oil Price Information Service, believes that high demand for gasoline means that crude will sit at a $50 “comfort point” for the next two months or so. Still, Kloza thinks there could be a fairly sizable drop after September rolls around

“We saw the highest demand ever, we used something on the order of 59 million gallons a day of gasoline,” he said last week on CNBC’s “Futures Now.” “That will prove as something that will help crude out for the next 8 or 10 weeks.”

The problem will surface after that period he said, when buoyant oil will “go into purgatory in the fall,” he added.

“You have lower refinery runs, you have a lot of gasoline because there are a lot of cheap hydrocarbons, and you have a drop of maybe 4 to 5 percent in demand even if the macroeconomic background is very steady,” he added.

A whole host of international events could also derail oil’s current stability. Kloza describedthe reaction to the Brexit results as “orderly and predictable” in an email Friday to CNBC. Yet he sees other global troubles as being more directly threatening to oil than the U.K.’s exit out of the European Union.

“In the fall, there’s no question there’s going to be a challenge in the marketplace, particularly if you see production in some of the places like Nigeria and Kurdistan will ramp higher,” said Kloza.

“I think we [also] have to worry about Gulf Coast hurricanes, which could knock out Gulf of Mexico production crude-side and really wreak havoc on the refined products side,” the analyst added.

Investors with their eye on oil shouldn’t discount the timeline leading up to the U.S. election this November, especially when trying to gauge demand in the fall.

“The question is really whether or not it’s a driving season thing and what happens after Labor Day,” Kloza explained. “You’ve got an election where people aren’t very happy with the choices, and they may show that it may not be to vote with [their] feet, but to vote with [their] cars in traffic.”

Oil dropped by more than 4 percent during Friday trading following the U.K.’s referendum results. Risk assets opened sharply lower in early trading on Sunday as investors continued to grapple with the fallout. – http://www.cnbc.com/

Crude oil futures – weekly outlook: June 27 – July 1

By Investing.com

Crude oil futures – weekly outlook: June 27 – July 1

© Reuters.  Oil lower, but pares back overnight losses on Brexit vote© Reuters. Oil lower, but pares back overnight losses on Brexit vote

Investing.com – Oil prices fell on Friday but clawed back some overnight losses after a shock vote by the U.K. to exit the European Union triggered a broad based selloff in global markets.

On the New York Mercantile Exchange, crude oil for delivery in August settled at $47.56 a barrel at the close, down $2.55 or 5.09% for the day, after falling as low as $46.70 a barrel in overnight trading.

Global benchmark Brent settled at $48.41 per barrel, down $2.50 or 4.9% having earlier traded as low as $47.54.

It was the largest one-day percentage decline for both contracts since February.

The U.K. voted by nearly 52% to 48% on Thursday to break away from the world’s biggest trading bloc.
British Prime Minister David Cameron, who had backed the failed Remain campaign, stepped down after the final referendum result was announced.

The decision heightened fears over the outlook for the global economy and triggered historic falls in stocks and currencies.

Global stocks saw more than $2 trillion wiped off their value and the pound fell by as much as 10% as investors scrambled into safe haven assets, like gold and government bonds.

Also Friday, Baker Hughes said that the number of rigs drilling for oil in the U.S. fell last week for the first time in four weeks.

The rising rig count in recent weeks had fueled concerns that price of around $50 a barrel could encourage U.S. producers to increase output and flood the still-oversupplied oil market.

In the week ahead, Tuesday’s supply data from industry group the American Petroleum Institute will be in focus ahead of Wednesday’s weekly government report on stockpiles.

Ahead of the coming week, Investing.com has compiled a list of these and other significant events likely to affect the markets.

Monday, June 27

New Zealand is to release data on the trade balance.

Tuesday, June 28

The U.S. is to release final data on first quarter growth as well as a private sector report on consumer confidence.

The API is to release its weekly report on crude stocks.

Wednesday, June 29

Japan is to release data on retail sales.

In the euro zone, Germany and Spain are to produce initial estimates on consumer inflation.

The U.K. is to release data on net lending.

The U.S. is to report on personal income and spending and pending home sales.

The EIA is to publish its weekly report on crude stockpiles.

Fed Chair Janet Yellen and other central bank heads are to attend the ECB central bank conference in Portugal.

Thursday, June 30

Germany is to report on unemployment change.

The U.K. is to release data on the current account.

The euro area is to unveil its preliminary inflation estimate for June.

The ECB is to publish the minutes of its latest meeting.

Canada is to report on monthly GDP growth.

The U.S. is to release data on jobless claims.

Friday, July 1

Japan is to release data on household spending, inflation and manufacturing and service sector activity.

China is to release official data on manufacturing and service sector activity as well as the private sector Caixin manufacturing index.

The U.K. is to release data n manufacturing activity.

The Institute of Supply Management is to report on U.S. manufacturing activity

Some Early Signs of ‘Brexit’ Upheaval

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS

By JACK EWING

– The New York Times

Royal Dutch Shell got clearance from antitrust authorities in China for the takeover of BG Group Plc, removing the final regulatory hurdle for its largest-ever deal. Credit Simon Dawson/Bloomberg

FRANKFURT — Only hours after Britain decided to leave the European Union, Emmanuel Lumineau cast his own “remain” vote — with his feet. Mr. Lumineau said he would move to Paris from London and take about 10 employees at his financial start-up with him.

The looming question on Friday was how many other executives might reach the same conclusion, undermining Britain’s status as the No. 1 destination in Europe for foreign investment.

Mr. Lumineau’s reasoning was simple. His customers operate under European rules and so must he. “We need to be inside,” said Mr. Lumineau, the French chief executive of BrickVest, a company that allows customers to invest small sums in real estate online.

The long-term business consequences of Brexit will take years to fully emerge, largely because no one knows what kind of new trade barriers and regulations will emerge from negotiations with the European Union. But already there were worrisome signs that the “remain” camp’s warnings of economic tumult could come true.

Jamie Dimon, chief executive of JPMorgan Chase, warned his staff in a memo on Friday that in months to come “we may need to make changes to our European legal entity structure and the location of some roles.” Mr. Dimon had said before the vote that up to a quarter of JPMorgan’s 16,000 employees in Britain might need to relocate.

Shares of British property companies plunged Friday on fears that the Brexit vote will cause a recession and deflate London’s real estate boom.

Jürgen Maier, the top executive in Britain of Siemens, the German electronics and engineering giant, said it might need to rethink its investment plans. He predicted others would do the same, at least until they can judge the impact of Brexit.

 

“All companies will be holding fire to see what happens,” said Mr. Maier, Siemens’s chief executive for Britain.

For decades, big multinational companies have used Britain as their business-friendly, English-speaking beachhead to Europe. As a member of the European Union, Britain offered frictionless access to the mainland, while the legacy of Margaret Thatcher meant there was far less regulation than in France or Germany.

Now that the English Channel suddenly seems a lot wider, businesses are waiting nervously to see what kind of new Europe will take shape. Negotiations on a post-Brexit trade relationship are likely to be messy and take years. And in the meantime, Europe could be in for serious political instability as right-wing parties in France, Finland and other countries try to ride Britain’s coattails out of the union.

It is not all bad for business. The plunging pound will help the tourism industry by making Britain cheaper to visit. BMW Mini automobiles and other products manufactured in Britain will be less expensive for people paying in euros and other foreign currencies. That could be good for exports.

Britain could also be free to follow its free market instincts without interference from Brussels. If the “leave” forces are correct, that would make the country a magnet for companies seeking to escape the regulatory corset of mainland Europe.

But any advantages are likely to be outweighed by the enormous uncertainties ahead. With no road map, executive decision-making could be paralyzed and investment could come to a standstill.

Britain’s financial services industry, which employs 1.2 million people, is especially vulnerable. New stock listings in London are likely to all but cease while companies take stock of the damage.

Foreign banks may face the costs of moving thousands of employees out of London to the Continent so they can satisfy regulations governing trading and investment advice on behalf of European clients. London had provided a convenient hub to serve Europe.

James P. Gorman, the Morgan Stanley chief executive, and Colm Kelleher, the president, said Friday that they had no plans to relocate staff from London. But in a memo to employees — many of whom worked through the night to handle a huge trading volume — they said they might “consider adjustments to our operating model.”

A cask of The Glenlivet single malt whisky, produced by Pernod Ricard SA. Credit Simon Dawson/Bloomberg

Even Deutsche Bank, the symbol of German banking nominally based in Frankfurt, uses London as a base for investment banking and trading. It has often made most of its profit there.

“I’m afraid that this is not such a good day for Europe,” said John Cryan, the Deutsche Bank chief, who happens to be British. “At this stage, we cannot fully foresee the consequences, but there’s no doubt that they will be negative on all sides.”

Perhaps no company embodies the European project more than Airbus, a politically driven consortium that allowed Europe to remain a player in the aircraft industry after smaller national manufacturers could no longer compete. Airbus produces wings in Broughton and employs 15,000 people in Britain plus tens of thousands more at suppliers.

Outside the union, Britain may no longer have as strong a claim on those jobs. “This is a lose-lose result for both Britain and Europe,” said Thomas Enders, the Airbus chief executive. “We will review our U.K. investment strategy, like everybody else will.”

Other sectors as different as petrochemicals and Scottish whisky could be damaged by increases in customs duties, diverging legal requirements and slumping growth. Energy companies like BP or Royal Dutch Shell are worried about having to deal with an unwieldy snarl of differing regulations once the European Union umbrella is gone. “Uncertainty is never helpful for a business such as ours,” BP said in a statement Friday.

United States technology companies like Google and Facebook have sizable operations in Britain, though their headquarters are technically in low-tax countries like Ireland and the Netherlands. Google employs roughly 1,000 engineers across Britain, working on global products like its search engine and Android mobile operating system. Technology companies could be under pressure to move sales and marketing jobs from Britain, so these employees can still have access to Europe’s common marketplace.

The ties are especially close between Britain and Germany, where the dismay was particularly pronounced. Britain imports more products from Germany than anywhere else. Britain is Germany’s third-largest customer for exports, after the United States and France.

German brands like BMW, Mercedes and Volkswagen account for half the cars sold in Britain, according to the German Association of the Automobile Industry. Sales could suffer if Britain raises tariffs on imported vehicles. Shares of BMW, Daimler and Volkswagen plunged Friday.

German companies have helped keep alive manufacturing in Britain. Mini and Rolls-Royce are considered iconic British car brands, but both are owned by BMW. Bentley belongs to Volkswagen.

Probably the most important company in the renaissance of British car manufacturing has been Nissan, which has pumped close to 4 billion pounds since the mid-1980s into a world-class factory in Sunderland in northeast England. Last year the company produced about 475,000 vehicles, about a third of Britain’s total, exporting about 55 percent of them to the European Union.

Yet despite the European Union’s importance to local jobs, voters in Sunderland voted overwhelmingly to leave. The Brexit camp won 61 percent of the vote compared with 39 percent for remain. Stuart Boyd, a Nissan spokesman, said on Friday that the company was not ready to comment on how it might respond.

Perhaps workers believed that Nissan sales would increase because of a weaker pound. But any stimulus to British exports from a devalued currency is likely to be offset by higher prices for imported goods. Britain has a trade deficit, so a weaker pound is on balance negative.

Another huge foreign manufacturer is Siemens, based in Munich, which has 13 factories and 14,000 workers in Britain making products like electric motors, gas turbines and trains. Siemens is not about to pull up stakes. But Mr. Maier, the Siemens chief for Britain, said the Brexit vote could force the company to recalculate some investment decisions.

For example, European Union grants help finance Siemens research and development projects in Britain in areas like self-driving cars. That financial support will disappear once Britain is out.

“The question is more about future investment, future research and development,” Mr. Maier said. “That’s hanging in the balance.”

He embodies the strong ties between Britain and the mainland. Born in Germany, Mr. Maier has lived in Britain since he was 10, studied there, and speaks with a British accent. He said that there was a palpable sense of anxiety Friday morning when he visited a company office in Manchester that is used by engineers and customer service representatives.

“It’s usually a really buzzing office,” Mr. Maier said. “This morning it was definitely quiet. Customers weren’t calling. That’s not a good sign. The country is just taking all of this in.”

Contributing reporting were Chad Bray and Stanley Reed from London, Nathaniel Popper and Michael Corkery from New York, Mark Scott from Rome and David Jolly from Paris

How Brexit impacts the U.S. economy

CNN

How Brexit impacts the U.S. economy

The United Kingdom shocked the world when its citizens voted to leave the European Union Thursday.

The so-called Brexit has wide implications for the U.S. economy, which is already facing a slew of headwinds.

The chief of the U.S. central bank and top monetary policy setting official, Janet Yellen, forewarned earlier this week that Brexit “would negatively affect financial conditions and the U.S. economy.”

Trade between the two nations only makes up 0.5% of U.S. economic activity. However, the connections go well beyond direct trade between the two global powers.

The effect on America can come through a number of chain reactions — a Brexit domino effect on the global economy. Here are four ways the wake of Brexit could hurt the U.S. economy.

Related: UK votes to exit EU, Cameron to quit

1. Fears that the EU may be falling apart

One of the key global concerns rattling the markets is that Britain could be just the first of more EU countries to leave the union. On Friday, French right-wing leader Maine Le Pen called for France’s own referendum vote. Concerns have been raised about referendums from Italy and the Netherlands too.

The European Union is one of the world’s largest trading blocs and it’s a major trade partner with China and the United States. If it breaks, it could lead to a lot of global uncertainty and many trade deals would need to be restructured.

Some experts caution that fears of the EU falling apart are overblown. After all, the UK always used the pound as its currency. Other countries like France would have to ditch the euro and reintroduce their old currency. That’s a much more difficult transition than what the UK must navigate now.

Plus the high expectation of a looming recession in the UK may give other countries pause, especially if they see an economic storm that Britain may endure after Brexit.

Still, the fear of the EU’s opaque path ahead is real.

“We also need to acknowledge we are faced with lots of doubts about the direction of Europe … not just in the U.K. but in other countries as well,” German Chancellor Angela Merkel told reporters.

 

2. Volatile markets slow down the engine of U.S. growth

American consumers make up the majority of U.S. economic activity. If they don’t spend, the economy doesn’t grow. And how much they spend often depends on how they feel good about where the country is heading. Americans don’t buy homes and cars if things look bleak and a stock market downturn can really whittle down confidence.

Brexit is already causing severe volatility in global stock markets. If that volatility continues for weeks and months, it could cause American business owners and consumers to reconsider their spending plans.

“The keys to whether the U.S. economy is affected significantly will be whether equities tumble enough to have a major impact on business and consumer confidence,” says Jim O’Sullivan, chief U.S. economist at High Frequency Economics, a research firm.

A cutback by consumers would be particularly bad news at the moment.

U.S. job gains have slowed this spring and economic growth was sluggish in the winter. But a recent pickup in consumer spending has been one of the few bright spots. The added momentum in spending had raised hopes that growth would rise in spring and summer.

Related: British pound gets crushed by Brexit shock

3. Brexit triggers a strong dollar, which hurts U.S. trade

A strong dollar sounds good — and it is for American travelers — but it’s bad for U.S. businesses that sell products overseas.

On Friday morning, the U.S. dollar quickly rallied against the British pound, up 6.3% Friday, its biggest one-day gain since 1967, according to FactSet, a financial data firm.

A strong dollar makes company’s products more expensive — and less attractive — to buyers outside the U.S. That hurts sales for tech giants like Apple (AAPL, Tech30), equipment makers like Deere (DE) and Caterpillar (CAT) and global brands like Coca-Cola (KO) and Nike (NKE).

It’s one of the key reasons why Corporate America has been in an “earnings recession,” with profits declining for three straight quarter on an annual basis.

“The biggest impact economically is the dollar impact,” says Matt Lloyd, chief investment strategist at Advisors Asset Management. “If the dollar surges on [Brexit] for any period of time, then you’re going to see fears of the profits recession lasting longer.”

In short, a stronger dollar typically lowers U.S. exports — a theme we saw last year. The U.S. manufacturing sector, which relies heavily on trade, fell into a 5-month recession triggered by the strong dollar. Manufacturing lost a net 39,000 jobs in the past 12 months.

So if the dollar continues its post-Brexit gains, it would spell bad news for U.S. trade and manufacturing, which is just digging out of its hole from last year.

A stronger dollar could make imported items cheaper for U.S. consumers, which could offset consumer fears about volatile global markets. But at this point, fears of a stronger dollar appear to be outweighing positives of it.

Related: Biggest losers from Brexit: These companies

4. Brexit forces the Fed to rewrite its rate hike playbook

In December, the Federal Reserve projected that it would raise rates four times this year — a strong sign that the U.S. economy has recovered from the Great Recession. Higher interest rates benefit savers, who can make more money on deposits.

But by June, several Fed committee members were only calling for one rate hike in the wake of weak growth and slowing job gains.

If the volatility in markets from Brexit continues, and if U.S. consumers pare back spending, and employers slow down hiring even more, the Fed could be looking at zero rate hikes in 2016. In fact, markets are starting to increase their expectations for a rate cut this year.

It’s not how the Federal Reserve had planned the year to unfold. U.S. central bank officials had started the year with high expectations after raising rates in December for the first time in nearly a decade, also known as “liftoff.”

But instead, the Fed is coming back down to earth. Other central banks around the world have lowered rates into negative territory and the conversation has shifted to whether the Fed should consider that move too.

“For the Federal Reserve, a Brexit vote would make it more difficult to raise interest rates,” says PNC senior international economist Bill Adams.

— Mark Thompson contributed to this story

Oil Prices Down but Pare Initial Losses After U.K. Vote to Leave EU

Markets
| Oil Markets

The ‘Brexit’ vote had triggered a selloff before a partial recovery

Energy Oil drilling untitled

By
Nicole Friedman

Updated June 24, 2016 3:32 p.m. ET
.
NEW YORK—Oil prices dropped Friday but erased some overnight losses after the U.K.’s vote to leave the European Union triggered a selloff across markets.

U.S. oil prices settled down $2.47, or 4.9%, at $47.64 a barrel on the New York Mercantile Exchange, after falling as low as $46.70 a barrel in overnight trading. Brent, the global benchmark, had traded as low as $47.54 a barrel but settled down $2.50, or 4.9%, at $48.41 a barrel on ICE Futures Europe.

Both contracts posted their biggest one-day percentage declines since February.

Nearly 52% of the U.K. electorate voted Thursday in favor of leaving the EU, shocking investors and traders around the world who had expected the opposite result. Global stocks tumbled and the British pound sank against the dollar as investors moved money into safe-haven assets like gold.

Oil prices have wavered in recent sessions as uncertainty about the referendum’s results roiled markets around the world. After dropping to 13-year lows in the first quarter of 2016, oil prices have rallied more than 80% on expectations that the global glut of crude is shrinking. But some analysts say the market remains oversupplied and warn that prices could fall in the coming months.

The WSJ Dollar Index, which tracks the greenback against a basket of other currencies, recently rose 1.7%. A stronger dollar can weigh on dollar-priced raw materials like oil by making them more expensive to foreign buyers.

“Everything is trading off: risk assets across the board, from stocks to energy to other commodities,” said Katrina Lamb, head of investment strategy at MV Financial Group in Bethesda, Md., which manages about $500 million in assets.

“But it’s not meltdown territory,” she added.

Oil traders said they had not taken large positions ahead of the vote due to uncertainty, but the outcome still came as a surprise.

“The markets are almost always right, and they were basically betting that there wasn’t going to be a Brexit,” said Mark Waggoner, president of commodity brokerage Excel Futures in Bend, Ore. “I wish I’d come in early today—the phone’s been ringing off the hook” with customers asking for advice or canceling orders.

Some market watchers warned that prices could fall further as investors who had long positions, or bets on higher oil prices, close out their wagers.

The referendum result could weaken global oil demand by weighing on European economic growth, said Will Riley, co-portfolio manager at Guinness Atkinson Asset Management Inc., which oversees about $300 million in energy-equity investments.
But Europe isn’t the main driver for oil demand, he said, and Guinness Atkinson still expects international oil consumption to rise strongly this year. Relatively low oil prices have encouraged new demand and emerging economies in Asia continue to grow.

The vote also increases uncertainty for oil production in Scotland’s North Sea, as the country’s First Minister said the Scottish National Party would seek to hold a new referendum on secession if Britain chose to leave the EU. The U.K. produces nearly a million barrels of oil a day, or about 1% of global output.
.
Others said the moves would be more transient, as the U.K. vote has little immediate effect on supply and demand in the global crude market. The U.K. accounts for less than 2% of the world’s oil demand.

“The same people that were driving cars yesterday are driving the cars tomorrow,” said Danilo Onorino, portfolio manager at Dogma Capital SA in Switzerland. “There is no chance whatsoever that the supply balance for oil will change because of Brexit.”

Also on Friday, oil-field-services company Baker Hughes Inc. said that the number of rigs drilling for oil in the U.S. fell last week for the first time in four weeks, but the rig count still rose in shale oil basins in Texas and North Dakota. The rising number of oil rigs in recent weeks fueled concerns that oil prices around $50 a barrel could encourage U.S. producers to invest in new production and flood the still-oversupplied market with crude.

The rig count in recent weeks “gives a clear signal to the market that $50-$55 is a soft ceiling,” said Warren Patterson, commodity strategist at ING Bank in Amsterdam. “We’re still fairly negative toward oil.”

“There are some signs that U.S. producers are stabilizing production,” said Lisa Kopp, senior vice president at U.S. Bank Wealth Management, which oversees $133 billion in assets. “That’s hindering the move toward the ultimate supply-and-demand rebalance.”

Gasoline futures settled down 7.85 cents, or 4.9%, at $1.5250 a gallon. Diesel futures fell 6.53 cents, or 4.3%, to $1.4553 a gallon.

Write to Nicole Friedman at nicole.friedman@wsj.com