- U.S. sanctions on Iran’s oil sector are set to go into effect on Nov. 4.
- An internal document reviewed by Reuters suggested that the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries was facing difficulty in adding barrels to the market.
Oil prices rose on Monday as markets were expected to tighten once U.S. sanctions against Iran’s crude exports are implemented next month.
Front-month Brent crude oil futures were at $79.96 a barrel at 0414 GMT, 18 cents above their last close.
U.S. West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude futures were at $69.32 a barrel, 20 cents above their last settlement.
The U.S. sanctions on the oil sector in Iran, the third-largest producer in the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), are set to start on Nov. 4. The United States under President Donald Trump is trying to reduce Iranian oil export to zero to force the country to renegotiate an agreement on its nuclear program.
U.S. Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin told Reuters on Sunday that it would be harder for countries to get sanction waivers than it was during the previous Obama administration, when several countries, especially in Asia, received them.
OPEC agreed in June to boost supply to make up for the expected disruption to Iranian exports.
However, an internal document reviewed by Reuters suggested OPEC is struggling to add barrels as an increase in Saudi supply was offset by declines elsewhere.
Fatih Birol, executive director of the International Energy Agency (IEA), said on Monday that other producers may struggle to fully make up for the expected Iran disruption, and that oil prices could rise further.
Traders said oil consumers were stockpiling in anticipation of more disruptions.
“In China, higher seasonal demand and suspected stockpiling are occurring, while similarly the U.S. and the OECD continue building stockpiles ahead of potential supply disruptions this winter,” said Stephen Innes, head of trading for Asia/Pacific at futures brokerage Oanda in Singapore.
Despite this, Innes said overall global oil supply was currently enough to meet demand.
U.S. drillers added four oil rigs in the week to Oct. 19, bringing the total count to 873, Baker Hughes energy services firm said on Friday, raising the rig count to the highest level since March 2015.
The U.S. rig count is an early indicator of future output. With activity rising again after months of stagnation, U.S. crude production is also expected to continue to rise.
Reflecting the changes to U.S. oil flows from the rising output and the increase in exports, the Intercontinental Exchange <ICE.N> said its new Permian West Texas Intermediate crude futures contract deliverable in Houston, Texas, will begin trading on Monday.
In addition to the potential for rising oil supply, the ongoing Sino-American trade dispute is expected to start dragging on demand.
“The full impact of the U.S.-China trade war will hit markets in 2019 and could act as a considerable drag on oil demand next year, raising the possibility of the market returning to surplus,” said Emirates NBD bank in a note.
Shipping brokerage Eastport said “Chinese manufacturing is beginning to slow” and that “Trump’s proposal of slapping…tariffs on additional…Chinese goods from 1 January would be a further drag on trade.”